If a person has transferred their 90-day Schengen visa, it is very difficult to apply for an extension, apart from a long and bureaucratic process. Depending on the duration of the stay being exceeded, fines can be between €500 and €1000; and may also provide for a ban on entry into the EU Schengen area for one, two or five years. This could seriously disrupt the training or competition schedule of athletes preparing for international competitions, including the 2020 Olympic/Paralympic Games. Australian nationals are considered “Annex II” foreigners and can therefore stay visa-free every 6 months in all 26 member states of the Schengen area, not individually in each country. Greece, Spain, France, Hungary, Portugal and Sweden only accept regular passports, while in all other cases, Canadian bilateral visa waiver agreements are available to holders of each passport. . . .